Untouchability, although a cognizable offense in India, is still practiced covertly in several households. In the city of Bangalore, not sharing utensils and other items is just another assertion of the belief that ‘one who cleans my washroom can’t cook my food’.
Imagine that you have just mopped up the utility where you work and the owner of the house has some business there, so she pours a bucket of water, making it all wet again so she can step on the floor now without getting “polluted”. The Softcopy spoke to four domestic workers who are faced with such behaviour every day at work. Madhavi, Ratnamma, Shivamma, and Rajamma are victims of various subtle forms of untouchability.
The Two-Inch Rule
Madhavi works in three upper caste households in the localities near KSIT College. She is given breakfast or brunch most days at one household. “The owners are generous and kind-hearted. They have helped me financially in educating my children,” she said. But she noticed that her cup is kept in the shelf opposite to where the rest of the cups are. She is served tea only in that one cup. The same goes for her plate, bowl, and tumbler. “I have never been discriminated against by the lady of the house. But I see the small things like she won’t directly place something in my hand. She will drop it from a two-inch height. It’s subtle,” she added.
Clean Dishes Rinsed Before Use
Ratnamma does not work at any upper caste household but went to help out at one after a big festival. The first thing she saw was a huge pile of dirty dishes. It took her more than an hour to get them all clean and shiny. One of the ladies of the house wanted a tumbler from the clean pile. She rinsed it casually and took it to the kitchen. Ratnamma still wonders why it needed to be rinsed. “My friends talk about these things. But it was always just a funny story because it was a hypothetical situation for me. It’s not funny when it happens to you. To see your hard work be disregarded so casually. Dishes washed by us are rinsed before use in upper caste households. That’s just how it is. I knew that, but it didn’t sink in until it happened to me. It felt insulting,” she said.
Shivamma works in Brahmanara Beedhi in Kalidasa Layout, Srinagara. The street is situated near a Rayara Mutt. Most of the temple’s priests and devotees live in the street and lead ritualistic lives. Most homes have a well, and the residents bathe here before doing their pujas. Every time there is a puja, there is a huge gathering of people and Shivamma has to wash up huge piles of utensils – the big ones used to cook for fifty people. After she finishes through the pile, she has to watch one of the ladies of the house rinse and keep aside each one.
“It’s painful to watch. The ladies are so tired of attending to the guests and the puja, but then they have to rinse these humongous utensils. It’s sad. It is funny that they are also facing the consequences of having set such hard rules,” Shivamma said.
The Softcopy visited six upper caste homes and found that housemaids are not allowed to enter kitchens and prayer rooms.
Where did untouchability originate from?
Shreesha C P, a resident of Srinagara defended the practices and said, “It has always been this way, these practices are in place since our grandparents’ era. Do you think they were fools? Moreover, I don’t think untouchability is practiced only in our community. Humanity is first in the list for us, not untouchability. Cruelty is not in the heart, but the practice is so deep-rooted that it has become a way of life.”
Mr. Prashanth of a gated community near KSIT College said, “Untouchability came in existence to maintain cleanliness, the objective of which is to free people from diseases and help them lead healthy lives. Even we are untouchables in front of God. Before a Shaligrama puja, we have to bathe twice in cold water no matter what temperature it is and perform the whole puja in clothes separate from our normal casual wear. The naivedyam (prasadam) is prepared on a coal stove, not on a gas one because it is considered impure. We have rules for ourselves too and we become eligible to touch God only when we follow all of them. We cannot just wear the same clothes we go to parties in to do pujas and cook on the stoves where we may have used onions to make prasadam. It is a system of discipline and cleanliness rather than discrimination. The concept was misinterpreted by historians and given communal colour for their petty benefit which the British conveniently exploited,” he explained.
Aravind Madabhavi, the co-founder of Madhwa Yuva Pratishthana (MYP), an NGO for conducting Madhwa philosophy workshops, told The Softcopy one of the possible underlying reasons why untouchability is observed in subtle forms in upper caste households. He emphasized on cleanliness being the driving force behind the rules. “Most Madhwa Brahmin girls sit separately during their monthly cycles” – meaning they don’t go out to play and don’t go to the kitchen and prayer rooms during this time. They are not allowed to touch anything in the house because “it is the time allotted for rest, both for health and hygiene. But the domestic workers don’t follow this practice, which is probably the reason why they are not encouraged to touch everything in the house and are kept at a distance during religious ceremonies despite being invited. All these rules are followed in our homes. No one is asking domestic workers to lead our lives,” he said.